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Evidence-based medicine (EBM)

The consistent use of knowledge derived from biological, clinical, and epidemiological research in the management of patients, with particular attention to the balance of benefits, risks, and costs of diagnostic tests, screening programs, and treatment regimens, taking account of each patient’s circumstances, including baseline risk, co-morbid conditions, culture, and personal preferences.

Source: Porta M. A Dictionary of Epidemiology. 5th ed. New York, NY: Oxford University Press; 2008.

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Variants

  • Evidenced-based clinical medicine
  • Evidence-based practices
  • Empirically supported treatments