The formerly known European Chemicals Bureau (ECB) was part of the Institute for Health and Consumer Protection (IHCP), which is one of the seven scientific institutes in the European Commission's Joint Research Centre (JRC).
ECB's mission was to provide scientific and technical support to the conception, development, implementation and monitoring of EU policies on chemicals and consumer products. This included managing the risk assessment process, the development of guidance documents and tools in support of the REACH (Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals) Regulation, the Testing Methods Regulation, the Global Harmonised System (GHS) for the classification and labelling of hazardous chemicals. Since 2008, these tasks have been taken over by the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA)
The remaining tasks of Ex-ECB at IHCP comprise inter alia the risk assessment of nanomaterials, the Review Programme on the risk assessment of Biocides, the development of methodology for the future Regulation on the Prioritisation of Chemical Substances and its corresponding environmental quality standards (EQS) and harmonisation of testing methods and non-testing methods (e.g. QSARs), etc.